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Latest fish articles and tips

In this section we aim to include useful text and articles from the hobby covering a broad range of topics. Several of the main fish clubs in the U.K will be contributing material over the coming months.


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Arowanas: the legendary dragonfishes

The family Osteoglossidae, commonly called arowanas, includes ten species of large, primitive fish distributed right across the tropics. Because they cannot tolerate salt water, the existence of such closely related fishes across South America, Africa, Asia, and Australia mystified biologist …

Rare and unusual tetras from South America

The range of tetras exported from South America has been steadily increasing over the years. In this article we’ll be looking at some of the less familiar tetras currently imported. While most are eminently suitable for the community tank, some …

Ricefish: fish for tropical and coldwater nano aquaria

On a recent trip to Maidenhead Aquatics at Harlestone Heath were came across the lovely little Javanese Ricefish Oryzias javanicus, and in the last year or so several shops have started trading the spectacular Sulawesi Ricefish Oryzias woworae. So after decades …

Hillstream Loaches

The Nemacheilidae are a family of loach-like fish often lumped with the loaches in aquarium books but differing from them in a number of important respects. They are, for example, very specifically adapted to cool, oxygen-rich fast-flowing habitats such as …

Oscars: everyone's favourite cichlids

The genus Astronotus contains two species, Astronotus ocellatus and Astronotus crassipinnis. The former is the popular Oscar, a fish that has been bred commercially for decades and is easily obtained in a variety of colour morphs, some natural, others artificial. …

Unusual Labyrinth Fish

Gouramis and bettas belong to a group of fishes known as labyrinth fish, characterised by a structure known as a labyrinth organ above the gills. This organ is used for breathing air, being richly supplied with blood vessels. Periodically the …

Geophagus

The Eartheaters are a group of fish known for their feeding behaviour by which they sift the substrate of their environment for food. One genus of the group, Geophagus, is popular in the aquatic trade due to its members’ usually …

Angelfish: new names, new species

Angelfish are among the most popular of all aquarium fishes. They are available in countless varieties, and their attractive colours, generally peaceful natures, and very unusual shape make them showpiece fish either in a community tank or on their own. …

Herichthys - Colourful, robust cichlids from Mexico

Fish taxonomists currently recognise no fewer than nine species within the genus Herichthys, but only two are regularly seen in the aquarium hobby, the 'true' Texas Cichlid (Herichthys cyanoguttatus) and the Green Texas Cichlid (Herichthys carpintis). For a long time …

The White Cloud Mountain Minnow

The White Cloud Mountain Minnow (Tanichthys albonubes) Order Cypriniformes, Family Cyprinidae Common names Chinese danio, Poor man’s neon Synonyms Aphyocypris pooni Description The white cloud minnow is an active schooling fish suited to temperate aquaria. They are striking fish, not seen to their best when feeling stressed …

Fancy Betta Splendens

'How to Choose and Keep Fancy Betta Splendens' By Neale Monks Fancy Bettas, sometimes called Siamese Fighting Fish, are very popular aquarium fish. While their wild ancestors (known as Betta splendens) have presumably been living in the ponds and slow-flowing streams …

Green, spotted pufferfish — and how to tell them apart

By Neale Monks Introduction Pufferfish are among those few types of fish that positive exude personality; where fish like guppies and tetras may be attractive and alert, they don’t really give the impression of forming any particular bond with their owners …

An Introduction to Killifishes

The following article has been kindly provided by Richard Cox who is the editor of the British Killifish Association monthly journal. To learn more about the Association go to the club section at the top of the home page or …

The Bronze Corydoras

The Bronze Corydoras (Corydoras aeneus) Order Siluriformes, Family Callichthyidae Common names Bronze corydoras, Bronze catfish Synonyms Corydoras schultzei, Corydoras macrosteus, Corydoras venezuelanus, Callicthys aeneus, Hoplosternum aeneus, Hoplosoma aeneum Description The bronze corydoras is a cheerful and outgoing fish, a group of which will always be …

How to Choose and Keep Fancy Betta Splendens

Fancy Bettas, sometimes called Siamese Fighting Fish, are very popular aquarium fish. While their wild ancestors (known as Betta splendens) have presumably been living in the ponds and slow-flowing streams of Thailand and Malaysia for millions of years, the tank-bred …

King Of The Aquarium - The Guppy

If a ‘king of the aquarium’ is mentioned these days, it’s usually in a discussion about discus. However, the regal post was held not so long ago by another fish, also very beautiful, and easily accessible to just about every …

Gertrude's Rainbowfish

Gertrude's Rainbow Pseudomugil gertrudae by Joe Kaznica First published in Gravel Gossip, Diamond State Aquarium Society Aquarticles Gertrude's Rainbow is a very small rainbow fish that is found in northern Australia and New Guinea. It comes from streams in five very localised areas and …

A Review of Hatchetfish

Hatchetfish are a popular group of characins widely available in the aquatic industry. They are known for their unusual body shape with a large muscular convex ventral area as well as their ability to ‘fly’ out of the water using …

How to keep Stingrays

Freshwater stingrays are farmed and widely sold, but they remain very challenging fish to keep properly. The two main problems are their large size and their stiff requirements in terms of water quality. Anyone planning on keeping a stingray must …

Distichodus, Congo Tetras and other African Characins

Although aquarists usually associate characins with South America, the geographical range of the order Characiformes is much wider than that, including Central America and Africa as well. Central American characins are not routinely traded -- the blind cave-dwelling form of …

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