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TF2YD Stores > Wildwoods > Predatory - Miscellaneous> Freshwater Needlefish Freshwater Garfish Xenentodon cancila
Freshwater Needlefish Freshwater Garfish Xenentodon cancila
Category: Predatory - Miscellaneous
Price: £39.95 each
Discount: No discounts available
Stock: 2 in stock
Water Chemistry: Adaptable
Care Level: Expert only
Diet: Special Needs
Schooling Fish: Yes
Freshwater Needlfish ....feeding well on frozen foods
Further information can be found below:
|Male or Female||Cannot be sexed|
|Water conditions:||These fish are currently kept in water Ph 7 and Soft|
|Volume Discount:||No discounts available|
Xenentodon cancila (Freshwater Needlefish, Freshwater Garfish)
A long, narrow fish with needle-like jaws. Basically silvery-green with a dark longitudinal band running along the body.
One of the many fishes called "gar" by hobbyists, this is in fact a member of the largely marine needlefish family Belonidae. Can be distinguished from the North American gar by the absence of the bony scales and asymmetrical tail typical of those fish. Unlike South American gar, which are characins of various types, needlefish do not have an adipose fin.
Fish information (behaviour and breeding):
Although predatory, this species is a peaceful, schooling fish that does best kept in small groups away from aggressive and territorial fishes. Because of its large size and stiff body it requires a wide and long aquarium. Recommended minimum aquarium size is 60 cm wide and 120 cm long, but the larger the better. This species is exceptionally sensitive to noise and other disturbances, and tends to throw itself around the tank or out of the water when alarmed. Precautions should be taken to prevent this from happening. Floating plants seem to help this species feel secure, though wild fish live in open water habitats away from vegetation.
Water chemistry is relatively unimportant as this species is found in freshwater, brackish, and less commonly marine habitats. In home aquaria does well either in neutral to alkaline, moderately hard freshwater conditions or in slightly brackish (SG 1.005) conditions.
Diet is usually considered the biggest problem when keeping these fish. Wild needlefish feed mostly on crustaceans, not fish, and in captivity the ideal diet reflects this. Live river shrimp are an excellent staple. Frozen alternatives will be accepted after a period of training. Live insects such as mealworms and crickets are another useful food item. Frozen fish such as lancefish can also be used, but these work best when thrown into a water current to elicit the feeding response. Flake, pellets, and anything on the substrate will usually be ignored.
Rarely bred in home aquaria, though possible. Known to be an egg-scatterer, the fry are small and tricky to raise, requiring ample live foods.
Further fish details are shown below:
|Distribution||South and Southeast Asia|
|Size||40 cm in the wild, around 30 cm typical in captivity|
|Water Parameters||Not fussy; 5-20 degrees dH recommended|